Mitral Valve Prolapse

What is mitral valve prolapse?
Mitral valve is made up of two leaflets that sit in between the top (atrium) and bottom (ventricle) chamber of the left side of the heart.
When the ventricle pumps, one or both of the mitral valve leaflets bulges (prolapse) upward and back up the atrium. This may allow a tiny amount of blood to leak (mitral regurgitation).
 
  Heart Failure
 
What causes mitral valve prolapse?
Hereditary
Often present at birth
 
What are the symptoms?
Many do not have symptoms
Palpitations
Chest pain
Fatigue
 
How is mitral valve prolapse diagnosed?
Your doctor may hear a clicking noise when listening to your heart with a stethoscope.
Echocardiogram: this is an ultrasound of the heart. It can help visualize the mitral valve leaflets and help determine the severity of the mitral valve prolapse and severity of the mitral regurgitation if any.
 
How is mitral valve prolapse treated?
Most people do not require treatment especially if they have no symptoms.
People who have severe symptoms may need medications.
If mitral regurgitation is present, your doctor may advise on the use of antibiotics prior to any dental or surgical procedures to prevent infection in the heart valve.
 
*Please consult your doctor if you have any further questions.